Tour Packages - Volta Region Tours
Tafi Atome Monkey Sanctuary
The Volta Region is one of the ten administrative Regions in Ghana. The Region is unique in the sense that it is the longest of all Regions considering its North-to-South-extension.
It contains all types of landscapes and vegetation that can be found in other parts of Ghana such as coast, lagoons, southern savannah, northern savannah, mountains, waterfalls and a large part of the Volta Lake. Because of its natural and cultural diversity, the Region is also called Ghana’s Microcosm.
Administrative Capital Ho, estimated population: 84,066 in 2010
Regional Population 2,118,252 in 2010, annual average intercensal growth rate: 2.5%
Political Administration 25 Municipal and District Assemblies
Location 5°45’N and 8°45’N
• borders: North – Northern Region, South – Gulf of Guinea, West – Volta Lake and East – Republic of Togo
Main settlement agglomerations
Ho, Hohoe, Kpando, Denu, Aflao,Kete Krachi, Peki, Kadjebi, Juapong, Sogakope, Jasikan
Land and population
20,570 km2 (5th largest Region), 8.6 % of the total share of population (8th largest Region), pop. density: 103 per/km2, rural pop.: 66.3%, average household size: 4.2
Climate and Vegetation
Tropical climate, characterized by rainy and dry seasons and moderate temperatures, 21-32° Celsius (70 – 90°F) for most of the year. Rainy seasons are from April to July and September to November.
The Region spans all the vegetation zones of the country:
• Mangrove swamps and adjoining arid coastal plains in the south
• Semi-deciduous forest zone and savanna woodland in the centre
• The Northern Savanna or Guinea Savanna
Middle and northern belts mainly mountainous, spotting Ghana’s highest peak Afadzato (885m). South is flat with marshy and sandy portions. Coastal areas have low-lying altitude from less than 15 meters above sea level.
Volta Basin as the Region’s most important drainage system with 8.500 square km. The northern and middle belts have rivers Oti, Asukawkaw, Menuso, Dayi all flowing into the Volta Lake. The river Alabo and Tordzi are in the southern belt.
Major soils: savannah ochrosols, sandy coastal soils, tropical grey earth and regolistic groundwater laterites, topohydric and Luthochronic Earth. Soil type’s ranges: between heavy clay to sandy loams, heavy clay loams, sandy loams and alluvial soils
The structure of the decentralized administrative system is made up of the Regional Coordinating Council (RCC) and the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs). The RCC comprises the Regional Minister who is the overall political head of the Region, his Deputy, representatives of the Regional House of Chiefs, District Chief Executives of the Region, the Presiding Members of the MMDAs and representatives of the various decentralized Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAS).
The RCC is headed by the Regional Coordinating Director who acts as the Secretary to the RCC and has the overall responsibility for the local government administration of the Region. The Region is divided into 25 Municipal and District Assemblies, each headed by the Municipal/ District Chief Executives.
Each Assembly has responsibility for the overall development of its area of jurisdiction. The Chief Executives are responsible to the President through the Regional Minister who is the head of the Region.
The Municipal/District Assemblies are composed of Zonal, Urban, Town and Area Councils. These District sub-structures are further divided into Unit Committees. The Region has a total no. of 3,252 communities. North Tongu has, with 513 communities, the highest number of communities and South Dayi with 38 the lowest.
The Regional House of Chiefs consists of 15 paramount chiefs (in charge of 15 Traditional Councils) and 17 rotating members (from 17 groupings) bringing the total membership to 32.
Main Economic Activities
• Other services
PHYSICAL AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT TOPOGRAPHY
The Region is divided into three geographical belts. The middle and northern belts are mainly mountainous where the highest peak in the country; Mount Afadja (885m) is located. The southern belt is flat with marshy and sandy portions.
These coastal areas have low-lying altitude from less than 15 meters above sea level. The major kinds of land use in the Region are: • Forest reserves/water sheds 732.30 sq.km
• Volta Lake and water bodies 3360.00 sq.km
• Lagoon Areas 330.00 sq.km
The Region shares its western border with the Volta Lake. The Volta Basin is Ghana’s most important drainage system and is, with 8.500 square km, the world’s largest artificial body of water. The northern and middle belts have Rivers Oti, Asukawkaw, Menuso and Dayi all flowing into the Volta Lake. The Rivers Alabo and Tordzi are in the southern belt.
Onchocerciasis has been associated with some of these fast flowing rivers. Some parts of the Region are “hard to reach” areas, generally referred to as “overbanks”, which are settlements along the Volta Lake and lagoons in the southern parts of Ghana. The districts mostly affected are Krachi West, Krachi East, Kpando, North Tongu, Jasikan and Keta.
The coastal areas continue to be battered by tidal waves which usually displace several communities along the coast. This annual event could be attributed to sea level rise as a result of climate change. Vulnerable areas along the coast are depicted with red colour.
The most vulnerable areas include Keta and Anyanui. A sea defence wall has been constructed at Keta whilst another defence mechanism is under construction at Anyanui (as in June, 2012).
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
The Region stretches from the shore of the Atlantic Ocean in the South to the Southern fringes of the semi-dry north in the North. As in all other parts of the country, the Region has a tropical climate, characterized by moderate temperature of 21-32° Celsius (70 – 90°F) for most of the year.
The average annual rainfall ranges between 1,168mm and 2,103mm. More than half of the land area of the Region falls within the Volta River Basin with the Volta Lake draining a substantial portion of the Region.
It has three marked climatic and vegetative zones: Mangrove swamps and adjoining arid coastal plains in the south:
This zone is characterized by dense mangrove swamps at the estuarine of the Volta River and the banks of the Songow, Avu and part of Keta lagoons. The main species are the white and the red mangroves. The coastal plains are marked by low savannah grassland which dries up completely during the dry seasons. Mango and coconut palm trees are planted in several areas.
The area has two rainfall maxima: the main rainy season, occurring between May and August and the minor rainy season between September and October. Between the rainy seasons is a prolonged dry season, culminating in the dry Harmattan between November and February. Daily temperatures are very high, averaging some 26 degrees with an average humidity of 60 %.
The open, moist, semi-deciduous forest zone and savanna woodland: This zone, occupying the central portion of the Region, is mostly of isolated forests and shrub-land. The main trees include the silk cotton tree, teak, obeche and wawa. Wild mangoes, oil palm and date palm grow in several areas. Most trees shed their leaves during the dry season.
The area experiences the same rainfall pattern as the southern zone. The marked difference, however, is the intensity of rains in the forest zone. Temperatures are a few degrees lower than in the South, especially in the mountainous areas while the humidity is slightly lower.
The Northern Savanna or Guinea Savanna: This zone consists of mostly expansive savannah grassland, dominated in parts by tall elephant grass. There are a number of wild trees such as acacia, baobab, neem and cola.
The area has one rainfall regime from May to August/ September. The temperatures are slightly higher than in the South. Humidity is, however, slightly lower.
POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT STRUCTURE
Demographic Characteristics Based on the 2010 National Population and Housing Census, the population of Region is 2,118,252 denoting 8.6% of the national population. The annual average intercensal growth rate of the Region is the same as the National rate of 2.5% putting the doubling time for the population at approximately 28 years.
The sex ratio of 92.8 shows female predominance as is the case in all Regions except Western Region. Since 2000, the population density in the Region has risen from 79.5 to 103.0 persons per sq. km in 2010. In relation to population distribution (rural-urban composition), the Region accounts for 8.6% of the country’s population where 33.7 % of the Region’s population is living in rural areas.
The most populated districts are Hohoe and Ho Municipalities accounting for population of 12.37% each of the total population of the Region respectively. On the other hand, the three least populated districts are Kadjebi with a population of 59,303 inhabitants (2.8%), Jasikan (59,181 representing 2.79%) and South Dayi with 46,661 inhabitants (2.20%).
Also, most urbanized areas can mostly be found in the South of the Region with the Keta Municipality being the most urbanized with more than half (53.31%) of its population living in urban areas whilst the Ketu South District has 46.55% of its population living in urban areas mainly because of the Land Port of Aflao.
Population by District and Sex, 2010 MALE FEMALE TOTAL South Tongu 40,019 47,931 87,950 Keta Municipal 68,556 79,062 147,618 Ketu South 75,648 85,108 160,756 Ketu North 46,551 53,362 99,913 Akatsi 59,165 69,296 128,461 North Tongu 70,282 78,906 149,188 Adaklu Anyigbe 31,298 33,106 64,404 Ho Municipal 129,180 142,701 271,881 South Dayi 22,132 24,529 46,661 North Dayi 44,553 49,096 93,649 Hohoe Municipal 126,239 135,807 262,046 Biakoye 33,057 32,844 65,901 Jasikan 29,142 30,039 59,181 Kadjebi 29,951 29,352 59,303 Krachi East 60,730 56,074 116,804 Krachi West 62,019 60,086 122,105 Nkwanta South 58,482 59,396 117,878 Nkwanta North 32,394 32,159 64,553 TOTAL 1,019,398 1,098,854 2,118,252 .
The Region has a youthful population consisting of a large portion of children less than 15 years (38.4%). The median age is 20, the mean age is 26. The percentage of the dependent population (less than 15 & 65+) is 44.86%.
Ethnicity The Region is characterized by a variety of ethnic groups. The Ewe constitute 73.8% of all residents by birth, followed by Gurma (11.3%), Guan (8.1%), Akan (2.8%), Ga-Dangme (1.5%), Mole-Dangme (0.5%), Grusi (0.1%) and Mande (0.1%) and others representing1.8% of the total population.
In the Nkwanta District, the Gurma are the predominant group while the Guan are in the majority in the Jasikan and Krachi Districts. The variation in the ethnic group distribution and composition in the Region has important socio-cultural implications that need to be taken account in both policy formulation and implementation.
Economic Activity 53.81% of the population 5 years and older (1,820,790) is economically active while the economically inactive population constitutes 46.18% with more females (54.87%) unemployed than males. Of the economically active population, 95.13% are employed while the unemployed (i.e. those without work but are seeking and available for work) make up 4.87%. Of those who are unemployed the majority are first time job seekers (86.61%).
The proportion of males who are economically active is with 53.62% almost as high as for the females with 53.99%. Students and persons in fulltime education form a large proportion (65.16%) of the economically inactive population. Also, 14.28% were too young or too old to be economically active among which 12.17% belonged to the homemaker category thus did home duties full time.
Occupation Almost half of the economically active population (49.86%) of the Region is skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery with much higher percentage of women (26.29%) than men (6.01%) engaged in service and sales work as shown OCCUPATION COUNT % Managers 15,298 1.7 Professionals 41,272 4.7 Technicians and associate professionals 10,952 1.2 Clerical support workers 8,215 0.9 Service and sales workers 147,466 16.7 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 439,411 49.9 Craft and related trades workers 155,405 17.
Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 28,161 3.2 Elementary occupations 34,698 3.9 Other occupations 435 0.0 TOTAL 881,313 100 Employment Status Data on employment status indicates that the majority of the economically active population (75.23%) is self-employed which is the highest in the country. Self-employed without employees dominate with 72.41% over Self-employed with employees (2.82%).
Employees only constitute 11.27% while contributing family workers make up 9.78%. TECHNICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Roads and Transport The condition of the Region’s road network is constantly improving. Ho serves as one of the Region’s major transportation hubs and has a good road connection to the nation’s capital Accra.
The distance to Accra is 167 km (about 2.5 hours by car). Main on-going projects which will considerably contribute to the Region’s socio-economic development are:
Eastern Corridor roads (Asikuma Junction – Hohoe section Nkwanta – Oti Damanko) Section
• Kpando-Worawora-Dambai Road Phase 3 (Worawora-Dambai) Section
• Sogakope-Adidome Road
• Sogakope – Akatsi Road
• Ho – Fume Road
• Ho – Dzodze – Aflao Road
• Dambai – Krachi – Gbanda – Damango Road Especially the finalization of the Eastern Corridor will contribute to the Region’s development as it will facilitate the accessibility of the Northern Districts.
The Trans-West-African-Coastal- Highway leads through the Southern part of the Region. The Region has no railway facilities. Airstrips are at Kete-Krachi and Ho. The Region’s main lake/river port is Kpando. Electricity Less than half (49.6%) of households in the Region used electricity from the national grid (mains) as their main source of lighting.
Also, 40.4 percent use kerosene lamp and 8.0 percent use flashlight or torch light. The use of solar energy in the Region is very low (0.2%). Water and Sanitation Rural Coverage (Community Based Water Systems) According to the CWSA 3,252 communities in the Region obtain their drinking water from improved water sources in 2011.
This means a rural coverage of 62.67%. Nkwanta North (38.76%) and Nkwanta North (39.98%) have the lowest proportion, while Kpando has the highest of 81.01%. 2,318 of the 3,252 communities obtain their water from boreholes.
Telecommunications Communication development in the Region is progressing steadily. Public telephone link between Ho and other district/municipal capitals has improved.
With the introduction of mobile phone services on the Ghanaian market; all districts/municipals and majority of the sub-districts in the Region can now be contacted on telephone. All 6 telecommunication companies in the country (i.e. Vodafone, MTN, Expresso, Tigo, Glo. and Expresso) provide both data and voice services in the Region.
Vodafone also has extensive coverage in the Region except Nkwanta South and North, Kadjebi, Jasikan, Biakoye and South Dayi. Post Services in the Region is provided by Ghana Post Company Ltd with Express Mail Service, Federal Express.
There are 3 public radio stations, 18 private commercial radio stations, 1 campus and 2 community stations. Literacy and Education The literacy level in Region corresponds with the national average which is at 71.5%. Majority of the population is literate. 70.7% of the population 15 years and older population know how to read and write.
Literacy of the male population (79.4%) is 1.2% higher whilst female literacy is lower with 63.2% compared with the national average 65.3%. The majority (68.8%) of the people can read and write English as well as their local language. Only a small percentage (1.2%) can speak French and only 0.5% can read and write French.
The Region has one new public university (University of Health and Allied Sciences) and a Polytechnic located in Ho Health and Nutrition The Regional Hospital in Ho is one of the best equipped hospitals in the Region.
A total of 4,338 health workers (Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacists, Biomedical Scientists, Health Services Administrators and other allied health staff) operate 326 health institutions in the Region. 242 of these facilities are administered by the Ghana Health Service (GHS) while18 are Mission owned. One facility is quasi-government (that is the military hospital – MRS) in Ho, and 65 privately owned.
It is worth noting that many of the GHS run health centres were community initiated. In exception of Krachi East, Nkwanta North and Adaklu Anyigbe, every district now has a hospital either government or mission owned. Forestry The Region has fifteen forest reserves occupying 732.32 sqkm constituting 4.05% of the total land area.
The Region is home to unique timber species like Milicia exelsa, Triplodriton, scleroxylon, Afzelia, Toxicaria, Ceibs Pentrandra, Terminelis superbs, kava spp. piptademiastrum africanum, Tuntumia elastia etc. Banking and Insurance Services The major Banks which are represented in the Region are as follows: Major Banks and their Locations in Volta Region, 2012 NAME OF BANK LOCATION Agricultural Development Bank Denu Ho Hohoe Juapong Kete Krachie Kpando Kpeve Kwamekrom, Hohoe Nkwanta Sogakope Vakpo, Hohoe Access Bank Ho ARB Apex Bank Ltd Agave Rural Bank Ltd, Dabala Anlo Rural Bank Ltd , Anloga Asubonten Rural Bank Ltd, Worawora Avenor Rural Bank Ltd, Akatsi Butawu Rural Bank Ltd, Hohoe Gbi Rural Bank Ltd, Dodowa Kpassa Rural Bank Ltd, Kpassa Mepe Rural Bank Ltd, Mepe North Tongu Rural Bank Ltd, Adidome Unity Rural Bank Ltd, Ho Weto Rural Bank Ltd, Kpeve Barclays Bank of Ghana Ltd Ho Hohoe Ecobank Aflao Fidelity Bank Ghana Ho GBC Bank Limited All Districts Capitals National Investment Bank Ho Stanbic Bank Ho Société Générale – Social Security Bank Ho Zenith Bank Ltd Ho Major Insurance Companies in the Region include CDH Insurances, Great African Insurance Company Ltd., Gemini Life Insurance Company Ltd., Metropolitan Life Insurance, Quality Insurance, Starlife Insurance, State Insurance Company of Ghana Ltd., SIC Life, Vanguard Assurance.
TOURISM “Ghana’s Microcosm”:
Main tourist attractions of the Region The Volta Region, also called Ghana’s microcosm, contains an impressive variety of natural and cultural attractions, though it is yet relatively underdeveloped for tourism.
Tourism is growing in the Region as visitors discover the Region’s beauty and variety. Fascinating mountainous landscapes with overwhelming views over the Lake Volta, beautiful waterfalls, natural game reserves, lagoons and sandy beaches make the Region unique. The Voltaians are known for being welcoming and friendly to their visitors.
Only 2 hours away from Accra, the Region is especially interesting as a recreational destination for short and weekend trips as well as conference tourism. It is important to note that several tourists use the Aflao Border in the Ketu South District as a transit point.
Ho The Regional capital serves often as a starting point for tours to the attractions in the surrounding area. The town has good value hotels and gastronomy. The recently renovated Regional Museum gives a closer insight into the history of the Region.
The Kalakpa Resource Reserve and the Adaklu Mountain fascinate nature lovers.
One of the most important tourist attractions of the Region are the Wli Waterfalls. These waterfalls are said to be the highest and most spectacular in West Africa.
The Wli Falls are located a twenty-minute drive away from Hohoe at the edge of the Agumatsa Wildlife Sanctuary. The water falls from a height of about 1,600 feet, into a plunge pool where swimming is permitted.
The Volta Lake Lake Volta and, to a lesser extent, the Volta River dominate the Region. It is an area of great scenic beauty, with river and ocean beaches and picnic spots shaded by palm trees.
Overwhelming views fascinate visitors. The attractive small town Kpando has the Region’s most important River port.
The former German mission Amedzofe is situated in the Avatime Hills with around 40 km distance of Ho. Mount Gemi one of the highest mountains in the country can easily be climbed and offers amazing views over the width as far as Lake Volta. Another highlight is the Amedzofe Waterfall.
Tafi Atome Monkey Sanctuary
This Sanctuary is one of the most successful examples of community based tourism development in the Region. The sanctuary has a large number of Mona Monkeys which are considered sacred.
During guided nature walks through the reserved forest, you will be able to meet the monkeys and feed them as well.
Mount Afadza Afadzato
Is the highest peak in the country (885m above sea level). It hosts a remarkable variety of butterflies, relic populations of mammals and bird species. The tour to the top will take you on the average 2 hours depending on your speed and strength and you will be rewarded with great scenic views. The close Tagbo Falls are also worth a visit.
The Region’s 60 km coastline stretches from the Volta River to the Togolese border and boasts white, palm fringed and sandy beaches. Fort Prinzenstein, a former slave castle is situated in the beautiful town of Keta which is worth a visit. Cape St. Paul at Woe is said to be the oldest lighthouse in the country.
Keta Lagoon/Ramsar Site The Keta area includes the Keta Lagoon, Ghana’s largest saltwater wetlands, designated as a “site of international importance”. It is 40 km long and 8 km wide and is the most important site for marine birds in Ghana. It is therefore a birdwatcher’s paradise.
Handicrafts The Region is known for its Kente Weaving and its Pottery. The villages of Kpetoe (Adaklu Anyigbe) and Tafi Abuife (Hohoe District) are especially interesting tourist sites.
During guided walks you will be able to observe the process of kente weaving. Various ceramic industries which produce pottery, roofing tiles, glazed cups and plates as well as other ceramic products can also be located at Kpando (Fesi), Ketu South or North (Kuli-Dzogbefeme), South Tongu (Vume, Adutor), Nkwanta South (Nkwanta) and Akatsi (Kpoviadzi), Dzalele).
Some of the major festivities in the Region include Hogbetsotso celebrated by Anlos, the Asogli Yam festival, celebrated by the people of Ho, Gbidukorza by Hohoe and Peki, Agbamevorza by Kpetoe, Sasadu by the people of Sovie, Akrofu, Alavanyo and Saviefe.
A variety of traditional dance and music abound in the Region. The most popular being Atsiagbekor and Agbadza of the Southern Ewe land, Borborbor and Zigi of the Central Ewe land.
1 Anlo-Hogbetsotso Anloga First Staurday In November
2 Keta-Sometutuza Agbozume Two Weeks After Hogbetsostso
3 Dzawuwu of Agave-Ewes Dabala Every February
4 Ayimagonu of Dofor-Ewes Dofor Adidome November
5 Asogli Yam Festival Ho Municipality Mid-Semptember to Ending of September
6 Gbidukor Gbi-Ewes South Dayi,Gbi North Hohoe, Gbi South Peki in November
7 Agbamevoza Of Agotime (Kente Festival) Agotime August
8 Amu (Rice Festival) Vane Last Week of November to December
9 Sasadu Saviefe, Akrofu,Sovie And Alavanyo (On Rotational Basis) October
10 Glidzi Adaklu
11 Apenorto Mepe-North Tongu
12 Wli Falls Wli September
13 Fieve Kpor Legbeza Fieve-Dugame in March
14 Akwantutenten Festival (Jasikan District) Worawora (Akans) September
15 Agbeliza (Cassava Festival) Akatsi,Avenopedo, Avernopeme (Akatsi District) August
16 Mafi Hogbetsosto Festival Adidome December
17 Lukusi Dodoleglimeza Ve-Deme November
18 Leklebi Yam Festival Leklebi First Week Of September
19 Nugoryiza Penyi Third Saturday In October
20 Maarebowu Festivaal Koue, Nkwanta South December
21 Kpalikpakpa Wegbe Kpalime November
22 Zendo Glimetoza Kpeve, Tsohor, Klikor,Tsibu Klevinofe November
23 Tsikeke Festival Liate-Wote August
24 Tortsogbeza (River Crossing Ceremony) Sokpoe Easter
25 Agadevi Festival Have June 26 Akwasidae Vume
Gastronomy & Hospitality Industry Hotels and Lodges are situated in most District capitals and urban centers of the Region. Some of the major hotels are Volta Serene, Chances, Freedom, Stevens Hotels and Woezor all in Ho; Aborigines Hotel, Keta; Evergreen Hotel, Hohoe; Vilcabamba Hotel, Denu; Omega Compex, Agbozume; Villa Cisneros, Shekinah Glory and Trinity Hotel & Spa at Sogakope as well as Gateway and Kilimanjaro Hotels at Nkwanta. As at 2015, the Ghana Tourism Authority has licenced 132 hotels in the Region.
The traditional Volta cuisine consists of various types of dishes. These include Fufu, Fried Plantain with Beans popularly called Red Red, “Yakayake” and most prominently Akple with Okro soup. In addition, the locally brewed drink, Palm Wine as well as “Solom” is suitable anytime and for all walks of life.
Notable restaurants are Goldfinger, KCS Fast Food at Heve and Civic Centre both in Ho, CEPS Canteen at Aflao, Eli-Eli Rest Stop and Dinners at Aflao.
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN TOURISM
A large number of key areas exist for investments by both local and foreign entrepreneurs with assurances of investment stability and high returns on investment.
• Urban: Investment in urban accommodation especially in the star rated categories is most pertinent. The Region currently has three (3) 3-5 star rated hotel. There is also a shortfall in total room and bed supply in Ho, the Regional capital and in almost all of the district capitals.
• Riverside Lodges: Areas along the Volta Lake provide excellent opportunity for water lovers.
• Safari Lodges: Opportunity exists for lower to middle-market safari lodges and luxury tent accommodation at Forest Reserves in the Northern part of the Region
• Real Beach Resorts: Along the coast from Aflao to the Volta river estuary
• Spas & Saunas
• Old German Buildings: Restoration for use as hotels & lodges
• Traditional and ecofriendly accommodation, where local cuisine and beverages dominate the menu
Rental- recognized rental services are not available i.e. Tour Buses, cars and motor cycles HOSPITALITY TRAINING Establishment of training institutions for the tourism sector ENTERTAINMENT Night life in the Region especially in Ho is almost non-existent.
The availability of the following would yield enormous dividend
• Live Bands
• Recreational Parks & Amusement Centers
• Cultural Centres
• Cinema Halls
• Museums (including thematic museums) Museums the world over are attractions for tourists and serve as reference source for residents especially educational institutions.
Opportunities exist for the establishment of more Museums in Ho and other District capitals.
• Sports Centres
• Exhibition Halls CRAFTS & SOUVENIRS Establishment of Craft villages